Types of Materials Commonly Used in Cosmetic Dentistry

Cosmetic dentistry has been around throughout history. Click image above

Modern cosmetic dentistry employs the latest technology and materials in order to improve a patient’s dental aesthetic appearance. The most common treatments offered are dental veneers, teeth whitening, dental crowns and bridges, orthodontia and dental implants.

Different materials offer different options such as durability and appearance. Zirconium and porcelain offer durable strength. Both reflect the light similarly to a natural tooth, providing the most natural dental cosmetic restorations. Depending on the location of the tooth, other materials might be a better choice, such as resin composite, palladium or gold.

Dental crowns and dental bridges can be made of metal, especially gold alloys, palladium, chromium alloys or base-metal nickel. Metal is the most long-lasting of the materials available for crowns and bridges. They rarely chip or break, and they don’t wear down opposing teeth. Due to its noticeable metallic color, metal is best used for back teeth.

Porcelain and metal can work together when porcelain is fused to the metal, combining the natural appearance of the porcelain with the strength and durability of the metal. With any metal but zirconium, a grey line can occur at the gum line over time. If you choose to utilize all-porcelain crowns and bridges, they will look the most like your natural teeth.

Dental veneers are crafted from tooth-colored composite resin or from porcelain. Resin is more prone to staining and appears less natural than the porcelain; however, resin veneers are typically thinner, requiring that less of your tooth’s surface be removed prior to application.

Talk to the cosmetic dentists at our Huntington Beach dental office regarding your smile goals. Depending on your particular needs, your dentist will guide you to make the best choice of materials for you.